科技和互联网

2018九大科技潮流

科技很容易过时,归于沉静。了解下作者对2018科技潮流的预测,许多几年前还在实验室里的科技将会在明年进入市场,更多“古老”的科技马上就会被替代,成为历史。

九大科技潮流之一的3D打印,可能会让传统的服装,首饰小作坊更难以生存,成为历史,但会缩短从设计化到产品的整个转化时间,设计师并且可以自主控制从设计到最终成品的整个过程,有可能形成一个新的商业模式。

物流网(IoT)将让日常生活设备更加智能,人工智能(AI)将开始大范围地应用到生产和商业中,替代原来人类,让某些工种成本更低,效率更高。这两者对我们的生活影响最明显。

区块链技术将不会只是炒比特币,它的潜力非常大,特别是应用于去中心化的服务中。

 

原文链接:https://www.forbes.com/

抄录:

9 Technology Mega Trends That Will Change The World In 2018

Tech #BigData Tech #BigData 34,475 The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets

Bernard Marr , Contributor
Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.
Continued from page 1

Trend 6: 3D printing opens up amazing opportunities for manufacturers (and others)

Related to increasing automation, the invention of 3D printing is disrupting manufacturing, and other industries, in many positive ways. In traditional (subtractive) manufacturing, objects are cut or hollowed out of material, such as metal, using something like a cutting tool. But in 3D printing (also known as additive manufacturing), the object is created by laying down, or adding, layers of material. The materials used in 3D printing can be pretty much anything: plastic, metal, concrete, liquid, powder, even chocolate or human tissue!

With 3D printing, far more complex shapes can be created than in traditional manufacturing – and using less material, too. It also allows for much greater customization of products, without worrying about economies of scale.

2018 Technology Trends Adobe Stock
AdobeStock

Trend 7: We’re interacting with technology in very different ways

The way we interact with technology has changed dramatically in recent years – and is still changing. Thanks to smart phones and tablets, we can carry out a whole range of tasks on the move simply by touching a screen. Mobile web usage has increased to the point where, in 2016, it overtook web usage through traditional computers. Google has also confirmed that searches on mobile devices now outstrip desktop searches.

We’re also talking to our devices, using voice searches via Siri and the like. Estimates suggest that, by 2020, 50 percent of all searches will be voice searches, and around 30 percent will involve no screen whatsoever. As a result, all kinds of businesses are gradually integrating their products with the likes of Siri, Alexa and Google Assistant. For example, Alexa is being integrated into BMWs from 2018.

Virtual reality and augmented reality represent the next huge leap in interface innovation, transforming how businesses interact with customers.

Trend 8: Blockchains: An invention that could change our world

Blockchain technology is a very practical solution to the problem of storing, authenticating and protecting data. Think of a blockchain as a decentralized, extremely secure database. Or, to get slightly more technical, it’s a distributed, peer-to-peer ledger of records. While nothing is ever totally ‘hack-proof’, blockchain represents a huge leap forward compared to our current data security technology as, unlike a centralized database, there’s no one single point of failure.

The records in a blockchain are called ‘blocks’ and every block is connected to the previous block (hence, ‘block’ and ‘chain’). The whole chain is self-managed, which means there’s no one person or organization in charge of the entire chain. If that sounds familiar, it might be because the virtual currency Bitcoin functions on blockchain technology.

Financial services, insurance and healthcare are just some of the sectors where blockchains are likely to be heavily adopted. In fact, 90 percent of major European and North American banks are exploring blockchain solutions.

Trend 9: Platforms are the way forward for businesses

A platform is essentially a network (digital or physical) that creates value for participants by facilitating connections and exchanges between people for services, products or information. The platform is rarely the actual service provider; instead, it acts as a facilitator for the crowd, making interactions possible, easy, and safe for participants.

Platforms have given rise to businesses like Airbnb, Uber and Amazon, and are also the foundation of what Facebook and Twitter do. However, platforms offer growth opportunities across all kinds of businesses, industries and sectors – not just tech companies. Even long-running businesses with more traditional business models, like Ford, are beginning to develop platform strategies.

Find out more about these tech trends, and discover what they mean for you, in my free pre-release eBook: The 9 tech mega-trends that are shaping our world.

Bernard Marr is a best-selling author & keynote speaker on business, technology and big data. His new book is Data Strategy. To read his future posts simply join his network here.

Business #NewTech

Business #NewTech Nov 28, 2017 @ 01:25 PM 17,364
The Minimalism Movement: Where Does Your Tech Fit In?

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There’s something counterintuitive to the idea of technology interacting with a minimalist design aesthetic. Keeping up with the latest tech means buying more gadgets, whereas minimalism would propose cutting stuff out of your life.

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Tech and design minimalism go hand in hand these days.

But somewhere between those clunky ‘90s home computers and today, digital innovation began to embrace principles of minimalism in design, form and function. It became important for companies to think, not simply about what else they could convince people to buy, but what technology could replace and simplify in people’s lives.

Minimalism as an artistic movement developed in post-WWII western countries, though it was influenced by Japanese traditional culture of Zen philosophy. Visual art of distilled elements, sparse musical compositions and minimalist design and architecture popularized by the German Bauhaus art school were all part of this significant cultural movement. There’s even a minimalism literary genre that eschews adverbs and practices an economy of words in its style.

But more recently, a personalized concept of minimalism has emerged—a lifestyle of minimalism—closely tied to an interest in mindfulness, the process of bringing attention to the present moment, eschewing multitasking. Minimalist living is about finding the central features of your life that bring you happiness and let you accomplish what you need to while jettisoning the rest.

“If I were to put a personal spin on it, a lot of it was connected to coming out of the Great Recession,” says Cary Fortin, who cofounded New Minimalism, a minimalist consulting service in San Francisco.

“I think people just realized that this cycle of consumption wasn’t as a stable as we all thought it was,” she says. “We have a lot of people who went through this experience, came out the other side, and once they found themselves on sturdy ground, they were like, ‘ok, I don’t want to be afraid like that again. I want to be nimble, more fluid than I’ve been before.”

That means getting rid of stuff, living in smaller spaces, lowering bills and designing spaces that minimize clutter and distraction.

Japanese consultant Marie Kondō popularized one version of the minimalist lifestyle with her best-selling book, The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up, which came out in English in 2014. It helped readers declutter their lives and minimize their possessions by asking whether every item – clothes, books or otherwise – sparked joy. If it didn’t, out with it.

Fortin says that method works for some. And for others, the standard has to be higher. “Lots of people really love stuff,” she says. “We like to ask, what’s the kind of life you want to create? Does this object fit into it? We try to be selective in what the questions are for each individual person.”

Digital minimalism is a big part of that. “We spend a lot of time helping people to determine where tech is useful in their lives,” Fortin says. They encourage removing TVs, computers and screens from bedrooms. And they persuade people to toss any antiquated technology that they might be clinging to.

In an effort to digitize files, she says, sometimes computer screens are chaotic. “And so, we’re careful to encourage people not to shift from physical clutter to digital clutter,” Fortin says.

They recommend personal finance accounts like Personal Capital or Mint to help people get rid of bills and statements. And they suggest “family legacy digitization,” another service that helps clients digitize and organize photos and family documents.

“I think there’s something really interesting…about this idea of where is something the safest? And where is it the most accessible?” says Fortin. “I feel like at the very least, a digital a backup of these things is pretty crucial.”

In that way, personal technology can have a symbiotic relationship with simple living. The home computer and smartphone have done more for the minimalist aesthetic than once imagined. Gone are the giant desk schedulers covered in scratched-out edits. Stacks of paper have been eliminated. Photo albums are rare, not to mention those messy shoeboxes full of negatives. When used right, technology can better connect you to your environment, to friends and family.

Home décor, too, finds an architecture of minimalism in technology. You can have ethanol fireplaces without the cuts of wood or bucket of ash; you can purify your air using NASA technology in the simple, sleek design of something like Airocide and hide your TV screen by having it masquerade as wall art or a mirror.

For many, minimalism is about adapting to smaller spaces and taking advantage of dense, urban living. Car-sharing and ride-sharing companies pair well with mass transit and biking in large cities. People can rent designer clothes, specific to every occasion, on places like Rent the Runway. And some are rethinking what a home actually needs with micro-apartments, Airbnb and van living.

Hands-on consultants like Fortin and her partner are in most cities these days. There’s even a National Association of Productivity and Organizing Professionals.

There are also startups that use technology to capitalize on people’s desires to declutter by modernizing the storage unit model. Companies like Los Angeles-based Clutter and New York-based MakeSpace will pick up the boxes and help owners digitize their stuff. Clothing minimalism startups like Cladwell help you create capsule wardrobes, i.e. fewer items with more versatility. And a number of apps help people declutter and minimize other possessions.

And of course, the design of our personal devices and hardware have the fingerprints of minimalism all over it these days. Early home computers and digital technology now seem bulky and clutter-inducing. But advances in technology have allowed our daily hardware to get smaller and smaller toward a minimalist design. Wireless and Bluetooth technologies noticeably cut down on cords.

Philosophically, then, have advances in technology helped or hurt the minimalist push?

“Both for sure,” says Fortin. In the physical sense, she notes the ability of tools like scanners and smartphones in clearing boxes of documents and post-it notes from people’s homes and desks. “I think we can’t underestimate how insanely beneficial that actually is.”

“And then I think it really quickly can cross a line where technology is driving our behavior versus we are determining how we want technology to help us,” she says.

When old novelists and screenwriters envisioned the future, innovative technology was often there to help us do the things that make us human. The robot butler, for example, would give us more time to spend with our family. But our personal devices, in some ways, have turned us into the machines.

“When you’re in a line, every single person is on their phone. We walk down the sidewalk and you have to move around all these semi-robots starting at phone screens,” says Fortin. “I think we lose this feeling of community and presence.”

It’s a big complaint of her clients: a feeling of hollow busyness, where you feel like you’re accomplishing a lot but you don’t feel great at the end of the day.

“Maybe it’s going in waves like, we’ve benefited from all these things, but now we’re trying to digitally cleanse, to break the habit or the routine, the same way we do physically,” Fortin says. “The minimalist desire requires a lot of self-reflection.”

If there is a philosophy of minimalism in the digital age, it’s a reminder that technology should help us be present, live simply and focus on what matters.

This article is for educational purposes only, and is not intended to provide medical or legal advice, or to indicate the availability or suitability of any product or service for your unique circumstances.
Capital One does not provide, endorse, or guarantee any third-party product, service, information or recommendation listed above. The third parties listed are solely responsible for their products and services, and all trademarks listed are the property of their respective owners.

Business #RetireWell Business #RetireWell Nov 15, 2017 @ 12:11 PM 120,869 The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets
Millennials, Gen X’ers, Baby Boomers: Here’s What To Do About Your Retirement Woes

Kara Stiles , Forbes Staff

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