科技和互联网

区块链技术会成为挣脱科技巨头控制的武器吗?

科技越来越渗透入人类生活的所有细节,带来社会的飞速进步,同时,世界也越来越被科技巨头们掌控,至少表面上是这样的。苹果,微软,谷歌,Facebook,亚马逊是美国人眼中的五大巨头,再加上中国独大的淘宝,我们的生活越来越依赖他们,反之,他们实际上可能真的控制了我们的生活。横空出世的区块链技术带给了许多人新的梦想,它的安全特性不能被造假,据说可以让陌生人之间进行可靠的交易,丝毫不用担心彼此之间是否互相信任。区块链技术最大的优点是去中心化,换句话说,不用依赖中心数据库来验证任何交易,用户的信息可以保存在区块链中,随时可以为保证交易的便利和安全,验证用户信息的真伪。

那么,区块链技术会成为挣脱科技巨头控制的武器吗?苹果可以向开发者收取费用,只要你使用它的应用发布系统;谷歌在你的搜索页面里,插入目的性很强的广告,淘宝的网店要付平台使用的维护费。科技巨头们占据着几乎所有交易的中间节点中,牢牢地控制着互联网。区块链技术让我们免于被他们任意插入交易中间,不需要他们的中央数据库,可以自由地互相信任地进行各种交易行为。这样看起来我们好像可以摆脱束缚。然而,科技巨头们提供的服务给我们创造了巨大的价值,特别是信息交流的速度和广度大大提高,我们为此而付费也是理所当然的。我们难道可以单纯为了苍白无力的自由,抛开这些价值,让生活再回到落后的过去吗?区块链技术目前给我们人类提供的价值,除了那个高不可攀的比特币价格,还有更好的例子吗?谁能保证拥有比特币矿池的商人,他们不会创新,对人类毫无帮助,最后不会成为控制区块链进而控制我们的巨头?如果真是那样,那么惨状难以想象。比特币技术如果是拯救人类的工具,应该谁都可以使用,不应该抵制科技巨人们也使用这个技术。

原文链接:https://medium.com/

抄录:

Why the Blockchain Promises a Safer Future and how big Business Will try to Kill it

The World is Changing Before our Eyes
The future of everything is in the crowd — through distributed networks and blockchains which enable privacy, collaboration and trust on an unprecedented scale.
This is the next revolution. Individuals taking back power from governments, companies and agencies by reclaiming their privacy and anonymity. Blockchains remove the need for government intervention in areas the public no longer trust them to control and they remove the need for Tech companies to prostitute our data to the highest bidder.
Where the internet has stolen our identity and compelled us to share such an abundance of information for the commercial gain and exploitation of only a few companies the blockchain promises a safer path forward. We have surrendered our privacy in exchange for access to services — the platitude of if the product is free then you are the product has never been more true — but the Blockchain offers the opportunity to turn the tide.
Why the Age of Startup Isn’t Over
I’ve read a lot recently about how the age of the Startup is over — the big 5 are now so big that they will buy up any and all innovation. When that becomes the general consensus I believe there is no bigger opportunity. The contrarian truth is that we are standing at the cusp of the third wave of the internet. These companies have consolidated Web 2.0, while Web 3.0 will be the antithesis of everything these companies have come to stand for.
Where they have hoarded their data, erected walls and created insular platforms to exploit users by harvesting data for commercial gain, a distributed alternative will emerge to each which disrupts everything you have come to expect marking another massive paradigm shift. Companies will eventually emerge that dwarf all that we see now but they will ne entirely different. Where your data is currently collected and held within massive server farms by these companies, you will become the arbitrator of your own destiny by choosing what information you want to share with which services. Instead of willingly offering up information — these companies will request it with the offer of rewards if you permit.
Web 3.0 will be marked by the revolution which see’s the reclamation and ownership of our own data. Where firms have profited from our attention we will sell it to the network and profit ourselves. Our participation will be recorded and confirmed in blockchains and payment will be completed through smart contracts with no need for intermediaries taking a cut of the transaction. Imagine owning your health data and sharing it with a blockchain for the research and discovery of new diseases. Think of permitting a bank to access your credit history and Trust blockchain to see whether they should loan you money.
Micropayments Make the World go Round
Blockchains enable a world where micropayment becomes the norm, significantly reducing friction by enabling the turnover of currency to occur at a far higher frequency. If minuscule denominations of currency can be exchanged without the need for any deductions between parties payments can happen both instantaneously and in full.
There’s even more to it than that
Smart contract enable the exchange of tiny fractions of currency without the need for you to do anything. If you set up a contract that deducts 0.00000001 Bitcoins for every minute you spend on a website, smart contracts would exchange this when the terms were met. The producer doesn’t have to request payment and the consumer doesn’t have to pay anything — it just happens.
That is the critical innovation that the blockchain allows. It completely removes the need for a third party to ensure payments are made and trust isn’t broken.
Trust is built into the system as a pre-requisite or participation
If you weren’t a believer at the start of the year you may be starting to come round to the thinking now. Blockchain is the innovation, Cyptocurrency is the means of participation. In order to ensure your privacy remains private, it is essential that anonymous exchanges can occur while maintaining trust at a higher than can be achieved in an analogue world.
Big business realises how disruptive this will become
You are already witnessing the reaction
Big business are trying to craft the blockchain in their own image, diluting its potential for good by trying to implement private blockchains which they own. Instead of allowing it to remain a private utility which ensures trust between strangers they are redeploying the technology under their own banner.
Why would they do this?
Simply put, it enables them to significant reduce their expenses while maintaining the same revenue. They can do the same with far less, increasing the reliability of the service while simultaneously reducing the risk. The blockchain reduces the length of time it takes for transactions to be process while also reducing the amount of human labour required to confirm them. The blockchain allows banks and service companies do more work, at a lower cost more quickly. It reduces their dependence on human labour while reducing the risk they take when processing transactions between parties.
Why we Can’t let Them Bastardise the Protocol
Where the blockchain promised a distributed ledger owned by nobody, banks and big business see an opportunity to possess even more information than they already do while arbitrarily inserting themselves as the gate keepers to this new world. They are looking to remain the intermediary in a system where one isn’t required.
Instead of trust being ingrained within the blockchain and the need for intermediaries being eradicated, they are trying to re-imagine this innovation using the existing model, whereby ensuring they continue to profit while offering little of value to the people involved in exchanges, purchases or services.
For the blockchain to be the revolution in trust, transparency and participation that it’s creators envisioned we must fight against to oppression of our freedom by big businesses looking to maintain their monopoly.
Only we can stop them

 

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